Florence's pulsating heart is Piazza del Duomo, with the monumental complex of the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore where you can admire a precious collection of works from the Cathedral, the Baptistery and the Campanile. Piazza della Signoria is the historical center of civil life and houses the 14th-century Loggia dei Lanzi, the Fountain of Neptune and the Palazzo della Signoria or Palazzo Vecchio, one of the monuments-symbol of the city, in front of which are some famous statues including a copy Of the famous David of Michelangelo.
The Uffizi is one of the most prestigious art galleries in Italy and around the world, with a wealth of invaluable and enormous works of art. In addition to the exhibited works, hundreds of other works are preserved in the archives of the museum. From a historical point of view, the genesis and development of this museum, which was born for all other purposes, is curious. The complex, under the direction of Vasari, was specially designed to host a series of offices for magistrates, judges, merchants and technicians in Florence: it was to bring together the most important magistrates of the time, and thus represent the power of the Monarchy after the conquest Of Siena. To be seen, divided into over 45 halls, many works that, starting from 1200, arrive to the contemporary period. The halls follow not only the chronology but also the origin of works that, in addition to the Italian regions, come from many European states. The overall route, for these features, has a tremendous educational value as well as a unique charm in the world. Inside the hall you can also admire a significant collection of ancient statues that, dating back to the I-II century BC, arrive until 1800. It is an imposing set of masterpieces that require a thorough visit. During this magnificence of works of art, if you do not have much time available, it is necessary to dwell in a particular way only on some imperishable works. The immense exhibition at the Uffizi is truly magnificent and offers a visual path that spans many centuries of history. An unparalleled gallery that invites visitors from all over the world. The Medici collections have been enriched over the years by legacies, exchanges and donations of some consistency such as those derived from the suppression of convents and monasteries between the 18th and 19th centuries. We are therefore facing a superb collection of precious works of art. The presence of the most famous names in the history of Italian art makes the Uffizi one of the most visited museums of our country.
The Santa Maria Novella church in Florence is located in the same square near the train station bearing its name. The church, built between the 13th and 13th centuries by Fra Jacopo Talenti (also the bell tower), is a superb example of Italian gothic architecture, whose marble façade is dark and white, divided into the lower part of the Small arcades, stands the portal of Leon Battista Alberti, Renaissance inspiration. Inside there are many masterpieces including the magnificent crucifix of Giotto (here relocated in 2001 after 12 years of restoration) and the grandiose fresco of Trinità di Masaccio, Renaissance masterpiece celebrated for the revolutionary use of the prospect. In the left transept lies the Strozzi chapel, decorated with a wonderful cycle of frescoes by Filippino Lippi (15th century), describing the clash between Christianity and paganism; In the Gondi chapel, designed by Giuliano da Sangallo, you can admire an extraordinary wooden crucifix by Brunelleschi (the only known sculpture of the great Florentine architect).
Palazzo Pitti, an unmistakable masterpiece of the Florentine Renaissance, as well as the beauties more closely linked to its structure (such as the Boboli Garden, the Cave of Moses, the Artichoke Fountain, the Teatro Rondò di Bacco, the Fonte del Leone and the splendid Piazza de 'Pitti) has an incomparable museum area. In fact, there are multiple exhibitions inside Palazzo Pitti, and each of them offers extraordinary paths among a myriad of masterpieces of all ages: the monumental Apartments, the Palatine Gallery, The Costume Gallery, the Silver Museum, the Porcelain Museum and the Carriage Museum. The collections are periodically rotated to ensure their perfect preservation. In the Argenti Museum, however, is preserved what is called the Treasure of the Medici, with works belonging to Lorenzo the Magnificent: ancient vessels, goblets, amethyst cups but also reliquaries, ivory vases, masterpieces of cabinet, Pots and cups of hard stones and rock crystal, then to the mezzanine with the real silverware.
The building of Santa Maria del Fiore, like for most churches of this size, has lasted several centuries and is one of the largest in Europe. Started in 1296 on the ancient foundations of Santa Reparata, Santa Maria del Fiore was designed Initially Arnolfo di Cambio, to whom Giotto and then Francesco Talenti and Lapo Ghini succeeded, the building became a very complicated architectural problem: The Dome. It was not only about designing it, but also about developing machines that could work on heights never imagined before. Thanks to a highly innovative solution, the Brunelleschi with his double shell design succeeded in completing the construction. I will also skillfully add countless technical problems: the dome, in fact, was conceived so as not to use the traditional support armor during construction. It is no coincidence that Brunelleschi's dome is so famous: it is not only a question of beauty, but a symbol of wisdom and technical expertise. The bell tower of Giotto is the bell tower of the Duomo and its construction is consistent with the church. The project entrusted to the famous master was then continued by Andrea Pisano and Francesco Talenti. Beautiful with its polychrome marbles, there are several forms in the stand where there are bas-reliefs of Pisano and its workshop workers, while five are attributed to Della Robbia. In the ogre niches of the upper floor there are copies of Donatello's sculptures.
The garden of Boboli is the park on the back of Palazzo Pitti, the residence of the Medici, which then passed to Lorraine and finally to the Savoie. It is a large green space that extends over 45,000 square feet and is a wonderful example of an Italian garden. The Giardini, which "climb" on Boboli hill and reach to the Forte di Belvedere, were born in the Renaissance era when the Medici bought the palace from the Pitti family; During the course of the centuries new portions and statues, buildings, water lilies, fountains and ponds were added to the amazing appearance of today.
The Alighieri family lived in the historic center of Florence, between the church of San Martino and the Piazza dei Donati: it is Dante who tells it, telling that he was born in 1265 in the shadow of the Badia Fiorentina. Brother Francis sold part of the house after his death and the rest of the family moved away from Tuscany. Since the original building had been lost, the City of Florence had restored some medieval houses by architect Giuseppe Castellucci in 1911, initially for office use. Since 1950, the Fiorentina Union worked to create a museum dedicated to Dante Alighieri, opening it in May 1965. Unfortunately, during a recent restoration, a fire ruined part of the exhibition material that was stored in a warehouse. The museum also incorporates one of the two towers belonging to the Jupiter family, which lived alongside the Alighieri and extinguished around 1300. In the nearby church of Santa Margherita de 'Cerchi, the poet would first meet Beatrice Portinari. The museum is arranged on three floors, along a path that aims to understand the historical and social context in which the Divine Comedy was born. The first floor, composed of four environments, tells the life of the author intertwined with the history of Florence in the Middle Ages. The first room speaks of the Art of Doctors and Speziali, of which Dante himself participated, through objects of common use.