Venice is a city that offers many attractions but above all a lot of history and traditions such as piazza San Marco which is one of the most famous and elegant square in Europe surrounded by works of indisputable value: the imposing Bell tower and the Basilica with its five portals and decorations of marbles and mosaics that anticipate the glamor and the richness of the interiors.
Presents many other important attractions that we recommend visiting at least once in life.
The Grand Canal is the main channel of Venice. About 3800 meters divides the historic center into two parts by tracing a reverse "S" from the Ponte della Libertà to the San Marco Basin.
Venice is famous for its canals that surround the whole city. The largest canal is "Grand Canal". A vast expanse of water that divides the city into two parts by forming an up side down S. The Canal begins from Santa Lucia Station, goes to the San Marco basin by meeting with the church of Saint Simeon and Judas. The second of the bridges that you encounter is the barefoot bridge (of the station). To follow on the left, the church of saint Maria di Nazareth. Next to the church is the palace Labia, in a corner is also visible the statue of Saint John Napomuceno. At the height of the statue opens the Cannaregio, the largest canal of Venice after the Grand Canal. Following, palace Ruoda, the palace Gussoni, the palazzetto da lezze. Continuing on the left you meet the most famous palace that rises on the canal: Cà d'Oro. And here we are in front of one of the most famous bridges in the world: The Rialto Bridge. For those who want to enjoy the impressive view of the Grand Canal. The following buildings you will find: Grassi palace, palace Cavalli-Franchetti, palace Corner and Ducal palace.
St. Mark's Basilica in Venice is the city's main church, metropolitan cathedral and patriarch's seat. Along with the homonymous bell tower and Piazza San Marco, is the main monument of Venice and one of the symbols of Italy.
St. Mark's Basilica, located in the homonymous square, is a unique architectural masterpiece, a blend of east and west. All of them tell of the powerful serenity of the republic and the history of two merchants who in 828 stolen the relics of St. Mark from Alexandria of Egypt to bring them to Venice. The interior is equipped with Byzantine mosaics that cover entirely floor and ceiling. The most precious piece is known as Pala D'Oro, a gothic masterpiece encrusted with 2,000 precious stones. Much of the spoil stolen from Constantinople during the IV Crusade was incorporated inside and outside the Basilica in the form of statues, marbles, columns and capitals.
Piazza San Marco, located in Venice, is one of the most important Italian squares, renowned all over the world for its beauty and architectural integrity
San Marco is the smallest stretch for extension but in it is the political and religious heart of the city. St. Mark's Square is the only city square overlooking the sea basin: rich in monuments and palaces collects over fifteen centuries of history and art.
Piazza San Marco is the venue of the Venetians: the open space dedicated to hosting all the most major events of the city life.
If you arrive at St. Mark's Square from the via of the road passing the Rialto Bridge you will cross the Clock Tower one of the most beloved monuments of the Venetians. In its original structure, the door was not meant as a gateway to the square but as a gateway from St. Mark's Square to Mercerie, the Venetian souk, to the shopping area and Rialto, the Venetian financial center. The bronze statues that move to mark the hours are called by the Venetians "the two moors" because of the dark bronze color that reminded the many eastern slaves present in the city. They are 270 cm high. The tower has undergone several restorations and renovations as well as the clock.
At the bottom of the Piazzetta stands the Patriarchal Palace, a key stage in the Tintoretic route because it houses the cycle of the Life of St. Catherine.
The most important monument, for which endless rows of tourists go through the square asking for information from the Venetians, is the Basilica of San Marco.
The square is embellished by two imposing columns of pink and gray oriental granite that bring to the summit the winged Lion, symbol of the Republic, and San Teodoro, the first saint protector of the city.
The Ducal Palace was until the fall of the Republic in 1797 the residence of the Doge and is still the symbol of Venetian civilization, its political, military, economic and cultural tradition. You access the Palace through the Gate of the Wheat and you will find yourself in the inner courtyard enclosed by splendid porches. On the ground floor, you can visit the Opera Museum. From the courtyard, through the Scala dei Censieri, you reach the first floor, a magnificent view of the San Marco basin. The Golden Ladder leads to the Doge apartment. The rooms of the apartment are decorated with beautiful fireplaces and many Venetian school works. On the second floor are the meeting rooms of the highest Magistrature of the State: the Signoria, the Senate, the Council of the Ten with the works of Tintoretto, Titian, Jacopo Palma the Younger, Veronese, Hieronimus Bosh and others.
One of the corners most photographed by the Venetians is the Bridge of Sighs and to observe it, one must dwell on the ancient Straw Bridge that is along the pier facing the Doge's Palace. The Bridge of Sighs is a Baroque-style bridge, hanging, closed, which leads directly from the Doge's Palace to the nearby Prison Palace. The Bridge of Sighs is so called because it was passing through the condemned ones who saw the light and watched for the last time the San Marco Basin, sighing for the terrible detention that awaited them in the toughest Serenissima cells. Venetian prisons were locked up with characters such as Giacomo Casanova, who managed to catch up with Niccolò Tommaseo, Daniele Manin and Silvio Pellico for the Spielberg. In the torture cells are still visible graffiti of prisoners. To revive this atmosphere, to say the true darkness, the Direction of the Doge's Palace of the "Secret Itineraries" are being guided by the Parlor to environments that once sounded screaming from the Chambers of Torment.
The Campanile has a long history of construction from 888 to 1173. The most dangerous enemies of this building have always been the lightning strikes of its peak and often fire it, but also earthquakes like that of 1511.
On the proposal of the abbot Giuseppe Toaldo in 1776 the first lightning rod was applied.
On July 14, 1902, at 9.47, accompanied by a rumble that was heard throughout the lagoon, the bell tower fell on itself. There were no casualties except for a few pigeons and the cat who kept company to the caretaker. Of the five ancient bells only Marangona remained intact; Even the Sansovini loggetta was overwhelmed by rubble.
With the slogan "Where was she" was immediately started the restoration and reconstruction of the Campanile and Loggia.
The bell tower height is 100,060 meters. Until a few years ago, it went uphill to the top, today it is possible to climb the bell tower with the elevator.